To check and encourage compliance with laws and regulations, the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (ILT) uses enforcement tools for surveillance, offering (digital) services or detecting crime. If the Inspectorate ascertains non-compliance by organisations or individuals, it can intervene using a broad range of measures.

The aim of an intervention is to prevent, terminate, correct or punish an offence. It is the task of the inspectorate to motivate citizens or companies to comply with legislation and regulations. This may be done both willingly or unwillingly. It is not the aim of the inspectorate to always punish as severely as possible. However, the aim is to always be effective by applying instruments as light as possible.

Intervention goals

The aim of an intervention by ILT is to prevent, terminate, restore or penalise a (possible) violation. It is the Inspectorate's role to make individuals and organisations comply with all relevant laws and regulations, through any necessary means. ILT does not aim for the most severe sanctions. Rather, the goal is to be as effective as possible with the lightest appropriate measures.

Limitations to an inspector's powers

Just like the people and businesses subject to their enforcement efforts, an inspector has to operate within the boundaries of their role. These boundaries are based on:

  • General principles of good governance
  • (Inter)national laws and regulations
  • ILT's Enforcement Strategy


The intervention framework applies to:

  • Businesses and individuals

  • Certified institutions

  • Provinces (intergovernmental oversight)

  • Other governments

Please note: this is an unofficial translation. Text is not legally binding. In case of conflicts, text in Dutch will prevail.